Perfecting Rural Land Title for Wealth Creation and Sustainable Development

  • D. Asenso-Gyambibi
  • Michael Affam University of Mines and Technology
  • E. Y. Amoafo


Perfecting land title refers to the process of securing tenure on land. It refers to the assurance that the land one holds for an agreed period of time and purpose is certain. It requires a level of legitimacy. It is on record that agriculture, forestry and mining sectors constitute about 70% of Ghana’s gross domestic product. However, the lack of several large-scale plantations in Ghana can be partly attributed to the land tenure system. Land rights in rural communities are not secured in that the lands are not themselves well defined and rights are not documented. The study used modern survey methods to clearly map out farms in a systematic manner for farmers under a cooperative for rubber plantation development. The rights of tenant farmers and landholders are clearly and legally documented and registered into the formal land administration system. The spatial and attribute data are incorporated into a Geographic Information System (GIS) that serves as tool for data management on the farmers. The pilot study was successful in improving not only tenure security and data access, but also access to funding by participating farmers.


Alden, W. L., (2003), “Governance and Land Relations: A Review of Decentralization of Land Administration and Management in Africa”, International Institute for Environment and Development, London, 98 pp.

Anon. (2013), “Project Document: Perfection of Land Title Deeds for Rubber Out grower Farms in The Eastern Region of Ghana”, Rubber Plantation Ghana Limited (RPGL) and Association of Eastern Region Rubber Outgrowers (AERRO), Kade. 78 pp.

Anon. (2008), “Agriculture for Development”. Washington D.C.,, Accessed: May 10, 2010.

Arko-Adjei, A. (2011), Adapting land administration to the institutional framework of customary tenure, Case of Peri-Urban Ghana, PhD thesis, Delft University of Technology, Sustainable Urban Areas Vol. 39, 284 pp.

Boudreaux, K. and Sachs, D. (2009), Land Tenure Security and Agricultural Productivity George Mason University, Mercatus on Policy no. 57, pp 1-100

Anon. (2002), “Law and Sustainable Development since Rio: Legal trends in agriculture and natural resource management”, Rome, FAO, Legislative study, No 73., Accessed: June 13, 2012.

Anon (2010), Ghana Statistical Service (2010). Population and Housing Census., Accessed: October 12, 2016.

Anon (2003), Project Appraisal Document, Land Administration Project (LAP-1), Ministry of Lands and Forestry, Accra., Accessed: June 3, 2011.

Kabre, P. (2012), Land tenure issues and challenges. Perspectives on land tenure in Africa. Agence Francais de development, ideas4development .org. Accessed: December 12, 2016.

Komu, F. (2003), Customary Land Tenure System in Tanzania. 4th AFRES Conference, University of Nairobi, March 12-13, pp.11

Larbi, W.O. (2006), Land AdministrationReform in a Plural Environment. Case Study of Ghana., Accessed: September 12, 2015

Lavigne, D.P. (2002), When farmers use pieces of paper to record their Land Transactions in Francophone Rural Africa: Insights into the Dynamics of Institutional Innovation in T. Benjaminsen and C. Lund, Securing Land Rights in Africa, London, Frank Cass. Pp. 89-108.

Anon (2010), Ghana Statistical Service. Population and Housing Census. Final Results,>pop_stats, Accessed: December 13, 2012.

Toulmin, C. Lavigne Delville, P. and Traore, S. (ed.) (2002), The Dynamics of Resource Tenure in West Africa. IIED/ James Currey/ Heinemann, London/ Oxford/ Portsmouth (N.H.). 242pp.

Anon. (2007), United Nations Human Settlement Program, Enhancing Urban safety and Security: Global Report on Human settlements 2007. Abridged, Abridged. Vol.2.pdf, Accessed: June 10, 2015.

Viet, P. (2013), Shedding light on land tenure in Africa., Accessed: May 10, 2015.

Zakout, W., Wehrmann, B. and Torhonen, M. (2006), Good Governance in Land Administration: Principles and Good Practice. The World Bank, FAO, Washington, D.C., 20 pp.

Geomatics Eng. Articles