Water Washing of Fungal-treated Carbonaceous Ores: Effect on Aurocyanide Adsorption by Activated Carbon in CIL Circuit


  • Richard Kwasi Amankwah University of Mines and Technology, Tarkwa
  • Grace Ofori-Sarpong University of Mines and Technology, Tarkwa
  • Abigail Ewoenam Adzigbli University of Mines and Technology, Tarkwa


Carbonaceous Gold Ore, Carbon-In-Leach, Cell-free Extracts, Phanerochaete chrysosporium


A typical challenge encountered on most gold processing plants during leaching of refractory ores is the reduction in recovery due to the presence of carbonaceous matter which preg-robs dissolved gold, thus reducing overall recovery. To reduce preg-robbing during cyanidation, carbonaceous matter has to undergo pretreatment to passivate the active surface. The fungus, Phanerochaete chrysosporium has been shown to possess the ability to biotransform carbonaceous matter, thus reducing its ability to preg-rob gold. However, the possible transfer of entrained fungal biomass into Carbon-In-Leach (CIL) circuits has been reported to decrease the activity of activated carbon, and a proposed solution to this was to wash the fungal-treated material thoroughly with sufficient water prior to CIL operation. This paper therefore set out to assess the effect of sufficient water washing on aurocyanide adsorption by activated carbon in CIL following fungal pretreatment of carbonaceous ores. To realise the objective, activated carbon was contacted with cell-free extract of P. chrysosporium under varying conditions of pH and time, after which it was washed with different volumes of water, and its gold-adsorption ability assessed.  The results revealed a decrease in the activity of activated carbon as a function of increasing contact time with the cell-free extract. The percentage decrease was higher after treatment in the acidic medium (13%) than the basic medium (9%). After washing the carbon (treated in acidic medium) with various volumes of water, gold adsorption was found to increase directly with the volume of water used from 64% at 0 ml to 84% at 500 ml and 91% at 1000 ml. Correspondingly, the carbon treated in basic medium recorded 69% at 0 ml to 87% at 500 ml and 93% at 1000 ml. This paper thus concludes that, sufficient water washing should be employed after fungal-biotransformation of refractory ores before the material is transferred into the CIL circuit to decrease the effect of entrained biomass on the adsorption capacity of activated carbon.

Author Biographies

Richard Kwasi Amankwah, University of Mines and Technology, Tarkwa

Professor of Minerals Engineering

Grace Ofori-Sarpong, University of Mines and Technology, Tarkwa

Associate Professor of Minerals Engineering

Abigail Ewoenam Adzigbli, University of Mines and Technology, Tarkwa

Student, Minerals Engineering


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